The populations of the southern line are marked by a cultural identity that has managed to respect their first aboriginal settlers, taking the elements that had brought the European immigrant and especially the one from the Middle East, one of the strongest communities in the region.
In its vast territory, mixed shrub steppe and scrub environments, resulting in beautiful landscapes full of stories, which are held by men and worn by time.
From Buenos Aires there are daily flights to San Carlos de Bariloche and Viedma. Then you have to take the National Route 23, which crosses the entire Patagonian steppe, from the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean. For it you can make the journey by car or bus. Another option is to take the Patagonian Train, which makes a frequent travel between Viedma and Bariloche at the same time that transports us to the regional history, the birth and progress of the towns of the south line, making a unique and fantastic journey.
Those interested in knowing how is the economic activity that characterizes this region, sheep and goats, can do it and live it today as it was more than fifty years ago, as it has survived intact over time. This is a live experience "Patagonia Real", the lifestyle of its inhabitants.
Visitors can experience traditional camp activities, such as signs, pens, vaccinations, shearing, taste the gastronomy of "inland" and to stay in enabled rural facilities. They will enjoy the warmth of the people, who will delight in their exciting stories.
This vast plateau of basalt, Precambrian origin, thousands of years ago became an island when the Atlantic Ocean entered the continent. In this way, it was established in a natural refuge for animal and plant species, which having been isolated for so long, today they are endemic species, unique in the world.
On the site are cave paintings and petroglyphs in caves and valleys that mark the human presence in the area of several millennia ago. Moreover, among the 25,000 square-km area that has few people live today.
This region was inhabited at first by tehuelches and mapuches, indigenous peoples with an ancient tradition. Then came the European immigrants and especially Arab communities, who chose to stay in the southern of the province of Río Negro.
Currently, this melting pot of different cultures are the foundation of the people, who through the food and crafts show their identity and tradition. Among these products you can find their coats, scarves and socks that are made based on hair of angora goats and rabbits, taken from the farms located in the region, as well as tissues made on Mapuche weaving wool, which are of excellent quality and highly recognized.
Another feature of the region is the excellent quality of the sheep and goat meat, which have a mild flavor and characteristic attributed mainly to pasture, differing from other areas of Patagonia. When making roast lamb and goat, the local uses piquillín wood, creosote bush or cow wood twigs, which give aroma and flavor.
For its part, the Arab tradition is seen in foods such as hummus, tabbouleh, cap and laben and as snack it can not miss the Turkish anise.
Thanks to the different landforms and landscapes that form the steppe, the Patagonian plateau, the mountain and the elevations of the pre Cordillera, this area is an ideal setting for the practice of activities in contact with nature, such as:
These activities are conducted in landscapes, trails and back roads, where the effort to move, by the ever-presence of the Patagonian wind has as prize to get incredible panoramic views and to learn about the culture, flora, fauna and geography of the place.
For those who are passionate about discovering the traces of our past, the southern region is an ideal scenario, finding archaeological remains of indigenous cultures that inhabited this area, such as rock art, stone and pottery items.
These signs can be found in museums in the region and outdoors too, where you can watch this paleontological wealth of Rio Negro territory. You will know impressive petrified forests, rock paintings in caves, many findings of primitive cultures, skeletal remains of prehistoric reptiles preserved in excellent condition and eroded land formations that show the geological past.