Search
Most visited > Culture

Short Patagonian history See map

The Patagonian territory is a geographical unit with a historical unit in fact. It was legally recognized after enactment of Act 954 of 1878 which created the "Governor of Patagonia", and six years later, on October 16, 1884 was enacted the National Territories (Law 1532), thus resulting in the Patagonian territories named: Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego.

Beyond the legal rules that determine its boundaries, Patagonia had a spatial link with common problems. In the first decades of the twentieth century, the new units acquired, little by little, a different personality.

The early inhabitants were the Tehuelches, among whom there are two groups: northern and southern. Who were divided into sub-groups: northern Gününa kena and southern Aonikenk, were the most important. The word "tehuelche" is of Mapuche origin and means "brave people".

They lived by hunting guanaco and ostrich, as well as the hare and general wildlife. The instruments were used to hunt were the bow and arrow. Fully took advantage of the animal, its meat and skin concocted clothing and tents in which they lived. They were nomads, they traveled in groups that did not exceed 100 people, under the leadership of a chief.

The white men introduced cattle and horses, which caused changes in their culture. They began to consume the meat of these animals, learned to ride and handle with skill the horse. Scrolling through the territory became easier and allowed them to move further north. The skin of a horse and ostrich feathers were bartered.

The Mapuches, "people of the earth", from the South of Chile, were called Araucanians by the target. These groups enter our Patagonian territory attracted, in principle, by the fauna of the region and then by cattle and horses, which roamed wild in the territory of southern Argentina. The Mapuche were established in the Neuquen and south of La Pampa. Dominated the tehuelches, who incorporated aspects of "araucana" culture as gardening, weaving and orferería, thus moving from nomadism to sedentary.

Currently the group of tehuelche origin is very small, while the Mapuche are one of the most numerous indigenous groups in the country. They inhabit much of the Patagonian region and develop a variety of tasks, the main as pawns or guardians of fields. The less they own smallholdings of little productive value, and most live in urban centers, unskilled jobs and, in general, with unsatisfied basic needs.

Until the stage of territorial organization, the most important historical events have regional value, ie, occurred in Patagonia. Thus, tehuelches with their idiosyncrasies; Hernando de Magallanes, who discovered in Patagonia in 1520; Simon de Alcazaba and Sotomayor, the first historical ruler who founded the province of Nueva Leon, on March 9, 1535; Father Nicolas Mascardi who along with one group of Catholic missionaries entered patagonia from Chile and and made evangelists trips until 1673; settlers from Spain attempts that sent Juan de la Piedra and Francisco de Viedma, founders of establishments in Carmen de Patagones, in Golfo San José, Puerto Deseado and Puerto San Julián but without real success; and finally the Welsh settlement in 1865. All these milestones occurred in Patagonia.

Viajes por la Patagonia

FotoUshuaia - Tierra del FuegoVisitá Tierra del Fuego, un territorio de sueños y aventuras que brinda uno de los paisajes más bellos del planeta....Oferta desde $6.450

Related Articles

Chubut's history Chubut is one of the most important Welsh colonies in the country. Its members came to this land long before the Spanish and Italians and established ties of solidarity with the local natives, the Indians tehuelches. Gaiman and Trevelin are the most strongly conserved Welsh traditions.
The italian and spanish inmigration in Chubut The province of Chubut was originally colonized by Welsh, but also, and like the rest of Patagonia, had a large influx of Spanish and Italian in the late nineteenth century.
The economy in the province of Chubut Chubut has one of the most important destinations in Patagonia: the Valdes Peninsula, that together with the mountanious offer builds its tourist industry. However, its economy is composed of a variety of activities: agricultural, industrial fishing, petroleum, livestock, forestry and various activities.
Neuquén: population growth and collective identity The identity of the inhabitants of Neuquén is rooted in history and is presented as an inevitable factor for the technicians who developed the Draft Neuquén 2020, who say: "greater identity to further globalization".
Two hundred years of the birth of Charles Darwin On February 12, 2009 it were completed 200 years after the birth of Charles Darwin, a researcher who traveled the world and spent many years in Patagonia, where he discovered and knew what would later help him formulate his theories.
Society, geography and economics Its geographical location, population and thriving economy based on industrial activity are some of the pillars of the province of Tierra del Fuego, the southernmost of the country and the world.
The Aboriginals and the first Europeans in the Patagonia Several attempts at colonization passed through the province of Tierra del Fuego, the youngest of our country. Its ancient inhabitants were the Onas and Yamana aborignals and centuries after the Spanish settled.
Fueguina Economy: Gas and oil Tierra del Fuego has a gas extraction plant that supplies LPG to the country and neighboring countries such as Chile and Brazil.
Tierra del Fuego: land of extremes Tierra del Fuego is a land of extremes because as well as being located in the "end of the world" and have little communication with the environment, the cold and rain in winter make the weather extreme also.
Location and climate The Bigger Island of Tierra del Fuego has different characteristics in its climate, landform and vegetation that can divide into three ecological zones: Magellan steppe, ecotone and mountain ranges.
See all Articles

Hotels see all »

Destination
Suscribite a nuestro newsletter
Hoteles | Viajes | Fotogalería | Legales | Contáctenos | Comercial
© Patagonia.com.ar 2019 | Todos los derechos reservados.